The Extensive Neurotransmitter Profile is a urine test, assessing levels of 6 neurotransmitters: serotonin + GABA + dopamine + noradrenaline + adrenaline + glutamate. These neurotransmitters are the most researched in relation to their effects on mood disorders, hormones, sleep, glucose/insulin balance, pain perception, appetite and cognitive function.
Low or high levels of neurotransmitters are observed in various mental health disorders, such as depression, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Parkinson’s disease and panic attacks.
The report format includes a correlation analysis section, written by the clinical department, which relates the patients’ symptoms with their corresponding lab results, as an aide to the practitioner.
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter synthesised in serotonergic neurons in the central nervous system (CNS) and enterochromaffin cells of the gastrointestinal tract.
Dopamine is an excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitter synthesized in many areas of the brain.
Noradrenaline and Adrenaline
Noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and adrenaline (epinephrine) are excitatory neurotransmitters as well as hormones.
GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) is an amino acid that functions as an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain.
Glutamate is a major mediator of excitatory signals in the brain and is involved in most aspects of normal brain function including cognition, memory and learning.